Simulation Based Optimization of Layered Non-wovens as Acoustic Trims
V. Schulz, H. Andrä, and K. Steiner, Fraunhofer-Institut für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik, Kaiserslautern, Germany
Over the last years, the prediction of the acoustic absorption of non-wovens used as acoustic trims has been established.
For example, the calculation (or measurement) of the flow resistivity of a non-woven and the corresponding absorption
curve over the frequency is a common procedure for the optimal acoustic trim material selection. Beside the acoustic
behaviour, a non-woven has to fulfil other demands when used in the automotive industry. These properties for example are
a small weight combined with a high stiffness. Therefore, the material selection has to be seen as a compromise between
different properties leading into opposite directions.
Against the background of this problem, we present in this talk the potential of layered structures used as acoustic trims.
In our approach, the acoustic absorption of each layer is simulated separately by the model of Allard and Johnson. This
model requires the determination of five parameters:
Viscous characteristic length
Thermal characteristic length
All these 5 parameters are computed entirely from the 3D microscopic fibre structure which is generated virtually. Thus,
in our approach there is no need to measure any data in order to predict the acoustic properties of the non-woven. Even
better, there is no need to produce a non-woven prototype.
As a benefit of our method, we present for the first time a systematic investigation about the Allard-Johnson parameters
and 3D fibre structures of real non-wovens. Additionally, we show how the computer simulation can be used in order to
design multi-layered non-wovens with desired absorptions as light weight construction.